When you first join a choir of any type you may be asked to sing up and down a few scales to give a rough idea of where your voice fits best into the sections. We sing in up to eight parts, with the following sections, each split into firsts (higher notes) and seconds (lower notes):
All these ranges are approximate, and some singers will be able to hit the extended ranges given in brackets.
|Soprano||1||Soprano||(A3) C4/middle C||A5 (C6)|
|2||Mezzo||(F3) A3||F5 (G5)|
|2||Alto||(D3) F3||D5 (E5)|
|Tenor||1||Tenor||(B2) D3||A4 (C5)|
|2||Baritone||(G2) B2||F4 (A4)|
|2||Bass||(C2) G2||D4 (F4)|
A good way to start testing range once warmed up is:
- Ask the singer to match voices on a D (above middle C for ladies, below middle C for men), then go up a full octave scale singing “one, two, three…”
- If the higher range seems secure, match to the G above the D you started from and go up an octave scale; if the lower range seems more secure, go down from the same G.
- You can continue exploring wider ranges from successive Ds and Gs.